Limitations of File Based System

  • Separation and Isolation of Data
    • When the data is stored in separate files it becomes difficult to access.
  • Duplication of Data
    • Decentralised approach leads to uncontrolled duplication of data, which leads wastage of storage space, time and money.
  • Inconsistent Data
    • Changes made by different people for the same information differently or Entering a wrong data.
  • Data Dependence
    • The physical structure and storage of data files and records are defined in the application code.
    • Program Data Dependence.
  • Incompatible File Formats
    • The structure of the file embedded in application program totally dependent on the programming language. This incompatibility makes them difficult to process jointly.
  • Fixed Queries
    • Query or reports needed by the organization has to be developed by the application programmer.